Domestic violence

Domestic violence

Domestic violence

We administer a nationwide hotline for victims of domestic violence 8-801-100-8-801, provide assistance to victims of women and men, carry out preventive work: we train specialists, advocate the adoption of specialized legislation in Belarus. Donate
Domestic violence is a type of violence, a problem that exists in all, without exception, countries of the world. Domestic violence can be defined as a repetitive cycle of physical, sexual, verbal, emotional and economic abuse towards loved ones with increasing frequency for the purpose of intimidation, control, feelings of fear.
One of the main features of domestic violence is that it represents repeated incidents of different types of violence (physical, psychological, sexual and economic). Such incidents are an important indicator distinguishing “domestic violence” from “conflict”. Conflict usually has its end, and violence is systematic. Moreover, the conflict is based on a problem that can be resolved. In a situation of domestic violence, one person constantly controls the other person with the use of force, which leads to psychological and / or physical trauma. The second important feature of domestic violence, which aggravates psychological trauma, is that the abuser and the victim are close people. Unlike a crime committed by a stranger, domestic violence comes from a (ex) spouse or partner, parents, children, other relatives, fiancé, etc.

The problem of violence is defined in the current legislation of Belarus as a general problem without taking into account the specifics of domestic violence.

Belarus has the Criminal and Civil Codes, the Code of Administrative Offenses, which contain a number of articles defining measures of responsibility for the implementation of unlawful violent actions against an individual - bodily harm, rape, torture, murder. However, practice shows that some forms of violence are actually not criminally punished if they are committed in the family. For example, if a man raped a woman, he is held accountable, but if he committed sexual violence against his wife, then both in the public consciousness and among law enforcement officials this problem is not taken seriously. In other words, some types of violence that are prohibited under criminal or administrative law, if committed in the family, are treated differently from those committed outside the family. This circumstance actualizes the need for the adoption of special legislation on the prevention of domestic violence.

In 2009, the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On the fundamentals of crime prevention activities" No. 453-З dated November 10, 2008 came into force. For the first time, the law defined domestic violence: “domestic violence is deliberate actions of a physical, psychological, sexual orientation of one family member in relation to another family member, violating his rights, freedoms, legitimate interests and causing him physical and (or) mental suffering”. Belarusian legislation also considers cruel treatment of minors in the family as a criterion for the socially dangerous situation of a minor. Measures to prevent domestic and other types of violence against women are provided in the section “Prevention of Violence in Society” of the National Action Plan for Gender Equality 2011-2015.

On April 16, 2014, the Law of the Republic of Belarus “On the Basics of Activities for the Prevention of Offenses” came into force.

According to the document, domestic violence is defined as "deliberate acts of a physical, psychological, sexual nature of a family member towards another family member, violating his rights, freedoms, legitimate interests and causing him physical and (or) mental suffering."
The law applies not only to spouses in an official marriage and relatives, but also to other citizens living together and leading a common household. Thus, even if the union is not registered, its members are also protected by law.

One of the most anticipated innovations in the Law is the introduction of a protective order. It can be applied against a citizen who has committed domestic violence.

A protective order is prohibited for a family aggressor:

  • make attempts to find out where the victim of domestic violence is;
  • visit the location of the victim of domestic violence;
  • communicate with the victim, including by phone and using the Internet.
  • A protective order obliges a citizen who has committed domestic violence to temporarily leave the common dwelling with the injured party for a period of 3 to 30 days and prohibits disposing of common joint property.

A protective order is issued to a citizen in writing by the head of the internal affairs body or his deputy within three days from the date of receipt of the decision on the imposition of an administrative penalty for an offense provided for in Articles 9.1, 9.3, 17.1 of the Code of the Republic of Belarus on administrative

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ONLINE MEETING "PREVENTING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN"

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The organizers are the US Embassy and the Baranovichi InfoUSA partner center....

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PRESS CONFERENCE "OPENING OF A MEN'S ANONYMOUS CONSULTATION SERVICE"

November 19, 2020-January 20, 2021, 12:00 pm-12:00 pm
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